What Chemical Kills Bed Bugs And Their Eggs?

Bed bugs, those evasive and unwanted houseguests, have been a cause of annoyance and anxiety for homeowners, hotels, and anyone who has had the misfortune to come into contact with them.

Your bed, your furniture, and any other hiding places in your home could get infested with these bloodsucking insects, turning your life into a living nightmare.

It is essential to have a solid understanding of the chemicals that can assist you in eradicating not just the bed bugs themselves but also their tenacious eggs to effectively combat an infestation of bed bugs. 

Young housewife in protective biohazard suit making up bed during covid-19 pandemic and lockdown stock photo

In this article, we will dig into the subject of bed bug elimination and investigate the chemicals and treatments that are the most efficient in removing these tenacious insects and their larvae.

We will go into the science behind these substances, their safety, and the measures that you can take to recover control over your house and get back to sleeping soundly once again.

What Chemical Kills Bed Bugs And Their Eggs?

There are a variety of chemicals and treatments available that are successful in eliminating bed bugs and their eggs. The following are some of the options that are frequently selected, click to read more:

  • Pyrethroid Insecticides: Pyrethroids are synthetic chemicals that mimic the natural pyrethrins found in chrysanthemum flowers. They are widely used to kill bed bugs. While they are effective against adult bed bugs, they may have limited effectiveness on eggs. Some bed bug populations have developed resistance to pyrethroids.
  • Neonicotinoids: Neonicotinoid insecticides, such as imidacloprid, can be used to target both adult bed bugs and their eggs. They disrupt the bed bug’s nervous system, leading to paralysis and death.
  • Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs): IGRs like methoprene and pyriproxyfen don’t kill bed bugs outright but disrupt their life cycle, preventing eggs from hatching and nymphs from maturing into adults. This can be an effective long-term approach.
  • Desiccants: Silica gel and diatomaceous earth are natural substances that can be used to kill bed bugs by causing them to dehydrate. They are effective against both adult bugs and eggs. The desiccants are often applied as dust in cracks and crevices where bed bugs hide.
  • Heat Treatment: Raising the temperature of infested areas to around 120°F (49°C) or higher can effectively kill both bed bugs and their eggs. This method is particularly useful for treating clothing, bedding, and small items.
  • Cold Treatment: Cold treatment involves lowering the temperature of infested items or areas to below freezing, which can also kill bed bugs and their eggs. However, it’s essential to ensure that the entire area reaches the necessary low temperatures.
  • Steam: Steam cleaners that produce high-temperature steam can be used to treat infested areas and items. The intense heat can kill bed bugs and their eggs on contact.
  • Aerosol Insecticides: Some aerosol insecticides are formulated to kill bed bugs on contact, including their eggs. These can be used to target specific areas or as a supplement to other treatment methods.

Keep in mind that there is a possibility that bed bugs will develop resistance to the drugs that are used to kill them. Therefore, to lessen the possibility of resistance and maximise the efficacy of bed bug eradication, it is often advocated to apply a combination of procedures or to cycle between various chemical treatments. 

This will lower the likelihood of resistance and will maximise the efficacy of bed bug eradication. When working with chemicals, it is essential to consider the potential dangers to both people and animals and to carefully adhere to the directions printed on product labels.

If you discover you have a significant infestation, it is strongly suggested that you seek assistance from a qualified pest control agency.

Is Bed Bug Pest Control Effective?

When performed by qualified specialists utilising the correct methods and treatments, bed bug pest control can be incredibly effective.

However, the success of pest management for bed bugs may depend on several factors, such as the severity of the infestation, the form of treatment selected, and the homeowner’s or tenant’s willingness to participate in the process. Some essential considerations are as follows:

  • Professional Pest Control: Hiring a reputable pest control company with experience in dealing with bed bugs is often the most effective approach. Professionals have access to a range of treatments and tools and can accurately assess the scope of the infestation.
  • Early Detection: Detecting and addressing a bed bug infestation early can lead to more effective control. As bed bugs multiply rapidly, the sooner you take action, the easier it is to manage and eradicate them.
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM): Effective bed bug control often involves a combination of methods, such as chemical treatments, heat treatment, steam, and thorough cleaning. Integrated Pest Management strategies consider the unique circumstances of each infestation and tailor the approach accordingly.
  • Residual Treatments: Some treatments, like residual insecticides, can continue to work overtime, preventing re-infestation for weeks or even months.
  • Follow-Up Inspections and Treatments: Effective bed bug control often requires multiple visits and follow-up inspections to ensure that all bugs and eggs have been eliminated.
  • Cooperation: Success in bed bug control also depends on the cooperation of the occupants or homeowners. Proper preparation, cleanliness, and following the advice of pest control professionals are essential.
  • Chemical Resistance: Some bed bug populations have developed resistance to certain chemical treatments. Pest control professionals can adapt their approach or use alternative chemicals to address this issue.
  • Education and Prevention: Professionals can educate homeowners or property occupants about how to prevent future infestations by avoiding bringing bed bugs into their homes.

Attempting to get rid of bed bugs on your own can be difficult and is usually not as efficient as hiring an expert. The perseverance of bed bugs, combined with their capacity to conceal themselves in extremely small spaces, makes them challenging to eradicate without the right information and tools.

Bed bug infestations are difficult to eradicate without the help of a professional pest controller who can inspect the premises, provide advice on the best course of action, and guarantee complete elimination of the pests.


It is feasible to achieve successful pest management for bed bugs by utilising a combination of expert knowledge, early detection, and a strategy that is well-planned and integrated.

This will increase the likelihood of a good outcome. Bed bug infestations can be distressing, but these hardy insects can be eradicated with the adoption of the necessary strategies and the collaboration of occupants with professionals in the field of pest management. 

It is vital to take comprehensive action to guarantee a setting that is free of bed bugs; this can take the form of the administration of proper treatments, the use of solutions that leave residuals, or education regarding the prevention of bed bug infestations.

Because it’s conceivable that home remedies you make on your own won’t be effective, the best way to ensure that you get results that are both effective and reliable is to seek the advice of a professional.

If you are willing to put in the necessary amount of effort and collaborate with other people, you will be able to successfully reclaim your home from the bed bugs’ grasp and once again take pleasure in a living place that is devoid of unwanted insects and other pests.

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