Based on innovative and unique primary sources (e.g. notarial deeds) Cotton Enterprises: Networks and Strategieslooks to tell the story of the Lombardy cotton industry in the early 19th century, particularly the stories of entrepreneurs such as Francesco Turati who were able to 'corner' this otherwise atomistic industry. The book looks at both the financial and strategic elements of the businesses, as well as looking at enabling technology and even the emergence of factory organization in Italy and takes a business history analysis of pre-industrial business enterprises in a developing economy by taking into account all the crucial functions of enterprise.
Cotton Enterprises: Networks and Strategies makes important contributions to the study and research of the financing of early cotton mills, technology transfer in these entrepreneurial ventures, the organization of production, including a detailed discussion of the available technology, networks and relationships within the district. By highlighting the shift from putting-out to factory system, the crucial change of actors (both entrepreneurs and workers) and the birth of a local industrial district, exerting a long-lasting influence on the history of the area the book outlines the building of entrepreneurial networks and social hierarchies in (at the time) a new urban context.
Aimed at scholars, researchers and students in the fields of management history, development entrepreneurship and regional economics,Cotton Enterprises: Networks and Strategies answers previously non-addressable questions via innovative research methods and, as such, will be a key work in the field for years to come.
A boom in the production and export of cotton made Iran the richest region of the Islamic caliphate in the ninth and tenth centuries. Yet in the eleventh century, Iran's impressive agricultural economy entered a steep decline, bringing the country's primacy to an end.
Richard W. Bulliet advances several provocative theses to explain these hitherto unrecognized historical events. According to Bulliet, the boom in cotton production directly paralleled the spread of Islam, and Iran's agricultural decline stemmed from a significant cooling of the climate that lasted for over a century. The latter phenomenon also prompted Turkish nomadic tribes to enter Iran for the first time, establishing a political dominance that would last for centuries.
Substantiating his argument with innovative quantitative research and recent scientific discoveries, Bulliet first establishes the relationship between Iran's cotton industry and Islam and then outlines the evidence for what he terms the "Big Chill." Turning to the story of the Turks, he focuses on the lucrative but temperature-sensitive industry of cross-breeding one-humped and two-humped camels. He concludes that this unusual concatenation of events had a profound and long-lasting impact not just on the history of Iran but on the development of world affairs in general.
A study of the autobiography of Cotton Mather (1663-1728), "Signs of the Times" examines Puritan signifying practices of the late 17th and early 18th centuries in New England on several levels, ranging from the comprehensive, in which Mather situates himself within the "imitatio Christi" tradition, to the minute, whereby "Paterna" serves an elaborate sensor/sensorium. Mather's autobiography is also a handbook of spiritual technology, and his assessment of the practices he found to be useful signifies major changes within the structures of Puritan experience, despite his attempt to weave his own times and other times that he privileges as a seamless web. Dominating Mather's book is the desire to make the random routine and the routine random - a tension in Puritan practice that became increasingly difficult to balance. Mather's pivotal role in signalling these shifts is nowhere more evident than in the pattern of personal piety he endorses in "Paterna", and his insistence on the processual mode continues to resonate in American culture.